McKnight Land-Grant Professorship
The goal of the McKnight Land-Grant Professorship Program is to advance the careers of new assistant professors at a crucial point in their professional lives. The designation of “McKnight Land-Grant Professor” is held by recipients for a two-year period. The nomination materials for this award can be found here.
2013-2015 McKnight Land-Grant Professors
Microbes as Agents of Geological Transformation
Bailey’s research explores the role of bacteria in the formation of certain types of mineral deposits. The study of living bacteria can tell us about the mechanisms that lead to the formation of minerals, while the study of ancient fossilized cells and chemical signatures in the rock record can tell us about the origin and evolution of the organisms and the processes they catalyze. By combining these different approaches, Bailey seeks to understand those phenomena that occur at the interface between biology and geology --- whether in the modern biosphere or in the ancient past.
School of Mathematics
Discovering the Mathematics of Cancer Evolution
Cancer can be described as an evolutionary process. Tumor cells rapidly divide, accumulate random genetic variation, and compete for limited resources within the body. This process results in highly diverse, adaptable tumors that can evade our best therapeutic interventions. Mathematics, and specifically probability theory, the study of randomness, provides us with a powerful tool to try to understand and predict the complex patterns of evolution in cancer. Foo’s research focuses on developing mathematical models to understand the evolutionary processes driving cancer initiation and progression, with the ultimate goal of utilizing these models to design better prevention and treatment strategies.
Anika Maria Sophie Hartz
Pharmacy Practice and Pharmaceutical Sciences
P-glycoprotein: A New Target for Alzheimer's Disease
Memory loss in Alzheimer’s disease is caused by high levels of toxic amyloid-beta in the brain. This phenomenon is a consequence of impaired amyloid-beta removal from brain to blood. The transporter P-glycoprotein is critical for removing amyloid-beta from the brain, but in Alzheimer’s disease P-glycoprotein is degraded and not functional. We specifically designed two novel therapeutic strategies to 1) restore P-glycoprotein function, and 2) prevent P-glycoprotein breakdown. We pursue these strategies to prevent amyloid-β brain accumulation and to lower amyloid-β brain burden with the ultimate goals of improving memory loss and delaying onset and slowing progression of Alzheimer’s disease.
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Integrating Nanoscale Optical and Mechanical Devices for Communication, Sensing and Quantum Physics
Li’s research combines nanoscale optical and mechanical devices on integrated semiconductor chips (ICs). Li’s research team develops nanodevices that explore the interaction between light and forces in the regime of classical physics and quantum physics where light acts as individual photons. They employ state-of-the-art nanofabrication to make optical ICs, in which novel optical devices are connected with optical wires, namely waveguides, for high-speed optical communication within or between chips, for optical computation and for biochemical sensing. Li and his team also strive to use these optical devices to reveal novel quantum effects and perform measurements with resolution limited only by principles of fundamental physics.
Cultural Studies and Comparative Literature
Aesthetic Experimentation and Political Critique in State-Sponsored Cinema
We often conceive of the state as a restrictive, repressive force for cinema. Lovejoy’s research, however, examines the ways in which the state and its institutions have, historically and transnationally, played a productive role for cinema, spurring formal innovation and, perhaps paradoxically, political critique. Lovejoy’s first book explores the emergence of an experimental film culture in Czechoslovakia’s Army Film studio. Her second book examines how state-administered children’s film studios in countries like Iran and East Germany fostered aesthetic experiments and critiques of their state sponsors. Through these studies, Lovejoy’s research delineates new understandings of the relationship between art and politics.
Tiny Power Plants Gobble Up Wasted Energy
Straight from the pages of science fiction, nanorobots have emerged from this scientist’s research on self-powered nanosystems. Far from a hostile takeover, these ultra-sensitive sensors will monitor glucose levels, or detect structural cracking. But how do we power them? Changing a battery embedded in a patient’s body or a building is not practical (or painless). In theory, the sensor could siphon wasted energy from its surroundings. Muscle movement could do it -- building vibrations too. But how do we harness this energy and make it work for us in these tiny devices? Yang’s work seeks the answer.
Current McKnight Land-Grant Professors
Yingling Fan, Public Affairs; Joshua Feinberg, Earth Sciences; Melissa Gardner, Genetics, Cell Biology & Development; Jason Hill, Bioproducts & Biosystems Engineering; Daniel Keefe, Computer Science & Engineering; Dominique Tobbell, Surgery
Brian Aukema, Entomology; Aditya Bhan, Chemical Engineering & Materials Science; Christopher Hogan, Mechanical Engineering; Chad Myers, Computer Science & Engineering; Chengyan Yue, Horticulture Science & Applied Economics
2010 — Vladas Griskevicius, Marketing & Logistics; Ibrahim Volkan Isler, Computer Science & Engineering; Alex P. Jassen, Classical & Near Eastern Studies; Daniel H. Kaplan, Dermatology; Kenneth H. Kozak, Fisheries, Wildlife & Conservation; Vuk Mandic, Physics & Astronomy; Jennifer Jane Marshall, Art History; Dylan B. Millet, Soil, Water & Climate; Yoichiro Mori, Mathematics; John Ohlfest, Pediatrics & Neurosurgery
2009 — Arindam Banerjee, Computer Science & Engineering; Giancarlo Casale, History; Ryan Elliott, Aerospace Engineering & Mechanics; Tian He, Computer Science & Engineering; Alan C. Love, Philosophy; Julian Marshall, Civil Engineering; Steven P. Matthews, History-UMD; Kieran McNulty, Anthropology; Jennifer Powers, Ecology, Evolution & Behavior; Martin O. Saar, Geology & Geophysics; Sangwon Suh, Bioproducts & Biosystems Engineering
2008 — Taner Akkin, Biomedical Engineering; Alptekin Aksan, Mechanical Engineering; Elizabeth Beaumont, Political Science; Mark A. Bee, Ecology, Evolution & Behavior; Nicholas Hopper, Computer Science & Engineering; Chris H. Kim, Electrical & Computer Engineering; Kirill A. Martemyanov, Pharmacology; Katsumi Matsumoto, Geology & Geophysics; Jason McGrath, Asian Languages & Literatures; Elizabeth J. Wilson, Public Affairs; Michael L. Wilson, Anthropology; Hui Zou, Statistics
2007 — Daniel R. Bond, Microbiology & BioTechnology Institute; Kathleen A. Collins, PolitcalScience; Christy L. Haynes, Chemistry; Karen Ho, Anthropology; Nihar Jindal, Electrical & Computer Engineering; Marta Lewicka, Mathematics; William Schuler, Computer Science & Engineering; Kathleen D. Vohs, Carlson School of Management; Christophe M. Wall-Romana, French & Italian; Chun Wang, Biomedical Engineering
2006 — Demoz Gebre-Egziabher, Aerospace Engineering & Mechanics; Yongdae Kim, Computer Science & Engineering; Efie Kokkoli, Chemical Engineering & Materials Science; Ronald R. Krebs, Political Science; Angus W. MacDonald, III, Psychology; Steven M. Manson, Geography; Stergios I. Roumeliotis, Computer Science & Engineering; Mark J. Thomas, Neuroscience
2005 — Reuben S. Harris, Biochemistry, Molecular Biology & Biophysics; Alex Kamenev, Physics & Astronomy; Dan S. Kaufman, Medicine; Michelle N. Mason, Philosophy; Stuart McLean, Anthropology; Ezra Miller, Mathematics; Randall S. Singer, Veterinary & Biomedical Sciences; T. Andrew Taton, Chemistry; Eric Van Wyk, Computer Science & Engineering; George D. Weiblen, Plant Biology
2004 — Alec T. Habig, Physics/UMD; Heiko O. Jacobs, Electrical & Computer Engineering; Jonathan S. Marchant, Pharmacology; Joachim Mueller, Physics & Astronomy; Aaron David Redish, Neuroscience; J. B. Shank, History; Kathleen M. Thomas, Child Development.
2003 — Vinay K. Gidwani, Geography; William M. Gray, Plant Biology; Kathryn J. Kohnert, Speech-Language-Hearing Sciences; Erika Lee, History; Tian-Jun Li, Mathematics; Krishnan Mahesh, Aerospace Engineering & Mechanics; Paul G. Mermelstein, Neuroscience; Fernando Porté-Agel, Civil Engineering; Natalia Y. Tretyakova, Medicinal Chemistry
2002 — Paul D. Cannan, English/UMD; Markus Keel, Mathematics; David J. Odde, Biomedical Engineering; Frank J. Symons, Educational Psychology; Valerie Tiberius, Philosophy; David Treuer, English; Kevin D. Wickman, Pharmacology
2001 — Bruce P. Braun, Geography; Shaul Hanany, Physics & Astronomy; George E. Heimpel, Entomology; Victoria L. Interrante, Computer Science & Engineering; Canan Karatekin, Child Development; Monica Luciana, Psychology; Gary J. Muehlbauer, Agronomy & Plant Genetics; Claudia Schmidt-Dannert, Biochemistry, Molecular Biology & Biophysics; Yoav Segal, Medicine; Jiaping Wang, Mathematics; Barbara Y. Welke, History
2000 — Sheng He, Psychology; Marc A. Hillmyer, Chemistry; Sarah E. Hobbie, Ecology, Evolution & Behavior; Dihua Jiang, Mathematics; David Largaespada, Genetics, Cell Biology & Development; Richa Nagar, Women's Studies; David J. Samuels, Political Science; Ajay Skaria, History; Zhi-Li Zhang, Computer Science & Engineering
1999 — Paul A. Crowell, Physics and Astronomy; Ray Gonzalez, English; Mats Per Erik Heimdahl, Computer Science & Engineering; Marc Hirschmann, Geology & Geophysics
1998 — C. Daniel Frisbie, Chemical Engineering & Materials Science; Martha Tappen, Anthropology; Donna Whitney, Geology & Geophysics
1997 — John Bischof, Mechanical Engineering; Kristin Hogquist, Laboratory Medicine & Pathology; Andreas Stein, Chemistry
1996 — Victor Reiner, Mathematics; J. Ilja Siepmann, Chemistry
1995 — Prodromos Daoutidis, Chemical Engineering & Materials Science; Susan Mantell, Mechanical Engineering; Nikolaos Papanikolopoulos, Computer Science & Engineering; Carol Shield, Civil Engineering; Marla Spivak, Entomology; John Watkins, English
1994 — Christopher Cramer, Chemistry; David Lilja, Electrical & Computer Engineering; Ellen Longmire, Aerospace Engineering & Mechanics; Ann Rougvie, Genetics, Cell Biology & Development
1993 — Gary Balas, Aerospace Engineering & Mechanics; Andrew Elfenbein, English; Lorraine Francis, Chemical Engineering & Materials Science;Lisa Norling, History; Jeffrey Simon, Genetics, Cell Biology & Development
1992 — Patricia Frazier, Psychology; Lawrence Jacobs, Political Science; Jean O’Brien-Kehoe, History; Keshab Parhi, Electrical & Computer Engineering; Maria Sera, Child Development; Thomas Shield, Aerospace Engineering & Mechanics; William Tolman, Chemistry
1991 — Jeffrey Derby, Chemical Engineering & Materials Science; Michal Kobialka, Theatre Arts & Dance; Kathryn Sikkink, Political Science; Stanley Thayer, Pharmacology
1990 — R. Lawrence Edwards, Geology & Geophysics; Yuichi Kubota, Physics & Astronomy; Karen Mesce, Entomology; Mary Porter, Genetics, Cell Biology & Development; Gloria Goodwin Raheja, Anthropology
1989 — Linda Brady, Food Science & Nutrition; James Kakalios, Physics & Astronomy; Nita Krevans, Classical & Near Eastern Studies; Kenneth Leopold, Chemistry; Ellen Messer-Davidow, English; Christian Teyssier, Geology & Geophysics; Robert Tranquillo, Chemical Engineering & Materials Science
1988 — Anath Das, Biochemistry, Molecular Biology & Biophysics; Charles Fletcher, Psychology; William Grove, Psychology; Steven Kass, Chemistry; Ann Masten, Child Development; Ann Waltner, History
1987 — David Bernlohr, Biochemistry, Molecular Biology & Biophysics; Doreen Leopold, Chemistry; David Lipset, Anthropology; Steven Ruggles, History